Peneda El Sonido de la Roca


Meadinha Peneda

Region History

"...ancient lodging in which rested the farm workers and travelers.".

        The history of this region has traces of Celtic and Moorish settlements. Some of the signs left by them are the castles of Castro Laboreiro and Lindoso, several megalithic monuments, and testimonies of the Roman occupation to "Geira" old path that led the legionnaires from Braga to Astorga, which survives the passage. There are quaint villages with rural arquitecture, ancient lodging in which rested the farm workers and travelers. Today, the people who live in the mountains are almost exclusively living from agriculture and livestock, since most sought and seek new horizons in other countries, being this a place with the highest number of Portuguese immigrants.


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Natural Park History

"...simple valleys carved by rivers, surprising us at the most unexpected places with wonderful pools of clean and cold water...".

        These places are full of charm, everyone who has the fortune to visit them and gradually get to know them, he realizes that there are some simple valleys carved by rivers, surprising us at the most unexpected places with wonderful pools of clean and cold water, good for hot summer baths after a long walk; paths through rugged hills and rocky mountains full of native vegetation, where oak lead to amazing meadows, where mountain cattle, cows, horses, goats, enjoy the tranquility of fresh pastures; and how we would forget its people, many of which have left in past years the life in their villages and mountains; today there are many testimonies of the hard life that led these people, one of those being the great stone walls that guided the Wolves to meet deep ditches, where they were uprooted from their lives by sharp spears firmly upright at the bottom of the ditch and on top, the man's hand snapping the cruel act. This violent decision was necessary for survival. For all this, and many other reasons, they change their day-to-day for a life more comfortable that emigration gave them. All this and much more difficult to describe with words, but easy to understand, that without thinking you realize in an uncover place where dreams come true.
        Today, the villages with better access are well populated, and enjoy the benefits since 1971 when it was declared a National Park under the name Peneda-Geres, the first in Portugal to receive this classification. Occupying an area of 72,000 hectares, extending from the municipalities of Melgaço, Arcos de Ponte da Barca, Braga and Montalegre. Across the border in Spanish lands continues with the National Park of Lower Limia-Xures, with an area of 20,920 hectares.
        Located in the massive Hesperico, mainly granite, the highest point is in the Serra do Geres 1500m, crossed by many rivers, among which we highlight the Cávado River, Lima and Homem.
        The oak is the dominant tree, among pines, arbutus, and several shrubs in upland areas. There are species unique to the park, as the lily, the Geres fetus and St. John's Wort. Among the animal species abundant in the wild we find the boar, deer, and badgers, to a lesser extent the eagle, wolf and hawk. And as typical animals found the black Vivora, the water snake, lizard and salamander.

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Climbing History

"...fought with their dreams by opening the borders of countries where the heights were desired by any of the world's  mountaineer...".

        The first activities registered date back to 1940 when for the first time, the Portuguese climbers began to climb the wall of Meadinha. These days, the constant evolution and over time the climb has been transformed.
        In the late fifties and early sixties, were detected activities and mountain climbing, but lacking the necessary information to talk about this season.
        We arrived at the beginning of the seventies when the climbers start at a constant activity, crossed by several generations until the present day.
        During these decades there has been periods of intense activity, the first occurs between the years 1972 and 1974, declining by the year 1978. Then comes a new phase from 1981 until 1988, when climbers take the time to climb up to the age of gold, especially the mountain climbers from the south of Galicia, to exceed boundaries and prepare to other places that the world could offer.
        Young José Antonio Martínez and Miguel López Domínguez, fought with their dreams by opening the borders of countries where the heights were desired by any of the world's  mountaineer, the positive flame of these people could light the fire of many other climbers loaded with dreams, seeking to themselves in the company of new people, reach walls and heights in order to find the personal path to follow.
        This was possible thanks to the simplicity, respect and willingness to find the safety of themselves, getting a lot of climbers to unite in tolerance of others contributing to the successes of the moment.
        This step opens up new areas of climbing today prohibited by the park: Anamão, Nédia and Bico do Patelo.
        In the nineties, the area suffers another fallenback with some activity in alternate years 1990, 1994 and 1998.
        In 2000 begins the work to re-equip old routes and open new routes that lasts until the year of 2004. This time period was intended to make the most of the process, sharing the knowledge and enable it to be accessible, since the lack of information; fame of a hard climb, exposed, and with a particularly high psychological factor, provides the diversion of existing climbers in the area, which shows the growth in other forms to practice verticality: bouldering and sport climbing, various climbing wall techniques that are practiced here, where self-protection and security are one of the most important factors every climber should cultivate.
        In subsequent years, with occasional moments of activity until mid-2006 to 2008, the same activity as previously returns, on the basis of effort and enjoying hard work to get things done, collecting all information accumulated through the years, and now you can see this page, a result of reliable information with which you can reach and enjoy what belongs to everyone.
        On the Acknowledgments, you may find who contributed to make this possible.
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Historical Documents

   Some documents that accompanied the history of climbing in Peneda.

Article Desnível La Peneda (Fraga da Meadinha)

Article Alta Ruta by Santiago Suárez

Climbing Guide in Peneda - FEM e Montañeros

Old Croquis of the climbing routes

Article Gente Visado by Tere Gradín

III Meeting Galega of Climbers - Open Letter Club Montañeros Celtas

III Meeting Galega of Climbers

Letter Desnível to Bonifacio Lopez

Article Camping-Montaña Vía Directa ao los Techos by Antonio Suárez

Description of the route Directa a los Techos by Santiago Suárez Alonso - Club Montañeros Celtas

Article Montanhismo 2009

Article Desnível 2010

Poster Meeting Meadinha 2010

Awards and awarded in the 2010 meeting

Campo Base November 2012

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